A backend developer roadmap that focuses on “Internet” would emphasize the technologies, protocols, and concepts that are related to internet-based backend development. Here is a suggested roadmap with must-learn topics and difficulty levels:
How does the internet work?
- Understand the history and evolution of the internet
- Learn about internet protocols (IP, TCP, UDP) and the client-server model
- Familiarize yourself with data transmission over networks and packet switching
What is HTTP?
- Learn about the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and its role in the World Wide Web
- Understand the request-response cycle, HTTP methods, status codes, and headers
- Learn about HTTPS and the importance of secure communication on the internet
Browsers and how they work?
- Understand the role of web browsers in rendering web pages and processing user input
- Familiarize yourself with browser developer tools and debugging techniques
DNS and how it works?
- Learn about the Domain Name System (DNS) and its role in resolving domain names to IP addresses
- Understand the hierarchy of DNS, including root servers, top-level domains, and authoritative name servers
- Familiarize yourself with DNS records (e.g., A, AAAA, CNAME, MX, and TXT records) and DNS query types
What is a Domain Name?
- Understand the concept of domain names and their role in identifying resources on the internet
- Learn about the structure of domain names, including top-level domains (TLDs), second-level domains (SLDs), and subdomains
- Familiarize yourself with domain name registration and domain registrars
What is hosting?
- Learn about web hosting and its role in making websites accessible on the internet
- Understand different types of hosting (e.g., shared hosting, virtual private servers, dedicated servers, and cloud hosting)
- Familiarize yourself with hosting providers and their services (e.g., AWS, Azure, Google Cloud, or traditional hosting companies)
As you progress through this roadmap, remember that practice and hands-on experience are essential. Work on personal projects, contribute to open-source initiatives, and continuously update your skills to stay current with industry trends.